Science News Feature

The pathogenesis of preeclampsia, a disease of pregnancy which is a leading cause of both maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality, are poorly understood. However, a new study in the online version of The Journal of Clinical Investigation provides new insights into this disease.

 

The guts of mosquitos and other insects are colonised by populations of microbes known as microbiota, just as in higher organisms such as humans. A new study in the journal PLOS Pathogens suggests that one member of the mosquito gut microbiota, namely the chromobacteria family member Csp_P, has multiple methods for attacking the malaria and dengue-fever causing pathogens. This study comes from a research carried out in Johns Hopkins...

A new study found that overweight and obese people with a healthier diet had gene richness in their gut microbiota (more genes found in their gut microbes). Kong and colleagues from Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France, studied a group of 45 overweight or obese people and 14 lean people for dietary patterns and gut microbia. Dietary patterns were used to evaluate the diet as a whole. The dietary patterns...

The world’s seabirds have a poor conservation status, with the population of 47% of species in decline and 28% of species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List’s threatened categories. The status of the African penguin Spheniscus demersus is currently ‘Endangered’ and its population has declined by greater than 70% between 2001 and 2013. Thus, conservation strategies for this species are...

A study published this week reports that 70% of neurosurgeons in Turkey practice defensive medicine and a stunning majority of these surgeons are below 40 years old. Doctors practice defensive medicine because of the concerns of liability risk. The defensive treatment leads to excessive tests and prescriptions, and increased healthcare expenditure.  

 

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